A new school year signifies taking things back to basics for our beginning learners. Children are eager to learn and want to show you how far they can count. But then we take things back a few steps. Most children come to school being about to count, for many only by rote. I know I have a little leaner at home who can tell you 1,2,4 and 8,9,10 but doesn’t really understand what that means. That’s where One to One Correspondence comes into play. Keep reading to see 20+ ideas for teaching One to One Correspondence.
One to One Correspondence Definition.
I was first exposed to the concept of One to One Correspondence as a teacher – of course I knew what it was, I had been doing it since I started school, I just never thought of it as a concept. Put simply, a child has 6 cups and are instructed to put one straw in each cup from a collection of straws. If they can follow this instruction, they have one to one correspondence. If the child put all straws in one cup or shared all straws out between the cups or was confused, they don’t understand one to one correspondence. It is simply connecting one object to one object.
One to One Correspondence is also called Cardinality.
My little learner can count and can identify 2 objects, however, doesn’t understand “this is a collection of 4 objects” even though he can count to 4. Therefore he doesn’t understand one to one correspondence but that’s ok – he is only a beginning counter.
Why teach it?
One to One Correspondence can’t be something that we expect the students to just figure out as we go and hope they get it. It needs to be specifically taught. I, personally, have never had a problem with children using their fingers to count, or any other manipulative for that matter. Counting with manipulatives is One to One Correspondence. Children need to grasp the concept early to help them with their maths throughout the first year of schooling. The more they can exposed to One to One Correspondence activities at the beginning of the year, the better they will understand the next step.
When teach it?
As a Foundation (Kindergarten/Prep) Teachers, One to One Correspondence, Shape and Patterns are the first concepts I teach. One to One Correspondence is revisited as regularly as required during the first term. Many children will practice One to One Correspondence at Pre-School.
How to teach it?
The best way to teach One to One Correspondence is to expose your students to it regularly, repeated practise and a variety of activities, all concentrating on the same still. Quick warm ups are easy, center activities are fabulous and worksheet activities have a place, with learning being hands on. Here are some one to one correspondence activities and examples that I use in my classroom.
STEP IT OUT! Have the children up and moving around. Children find somewhere in the room to stand. Roll a large dice. Children walk the number of steps shown on the dice.
TENS FRAMES! Sit the children in a circle and give children a piece of paper or tens frame. Roll a dice, children collect that number of counters. Clear the board with each roll as you are not working on addition quite yet.
Whole Class Activities
Use number posters or cards to draw the number of dots shown on the card. Or use any resources in the classroom to show that number.
I hope these 20+ ideas for teaching one to one correspondence have helped with your teaching of little learners. Do you have any other fun activities to do with your children to help them learn one to one correspondence? Comment below!
Have fun, enjoy and until next time, happy teaching!